Thermodynamic Kalina Cycle® Flow Diagram

The Kalina Cycle® is recognised as one of the most thermodynamically efficient power cycle technologies in the world. This system uses a mixture of ammonia and water as a working fluid, rather than a pure substance such as water, which is commonly used in the Rankine Cycle.

The five steps in the thermodynamic cycle include:

  1. Compression in the pump
  2. Heat addition in the boiler
  3. Expansion in the turbine
  4. Recuperation in the recuperators
  5. Heat rejection in a condenser

The added degree of freedom of a variable mixture working fluid, which can be heated at one composition and condensed at a different composition, leads to the DCSS which serves the functions of distillation, recuperation and heat rejection in the condenser.

Mouse over the diagram components or the components legend for more information.


Click Here watch through Vimeo